Churchgoing - Saturday or Sunday?
You ask which day is the Sabbath.
The Sabbath is Saturday, the seventh day of the week. The Jews worship on the weekly Sabbath, beginning Friday at sunset to Saturday at sunset. They still observe Friday night to Saturday, at sunset, as the Sabbath. Jesus was a Jew, and he kept the Jewish Sabbath, attending synagogue on the Friday night and Saturday morning. They count their days according to Genesis.
The Jews believe the seventh day, God rested after creation, and that was the day they worshipped God, and rested from normal work. It was part of the Jewish Law, to observe the Sabbath as a nation.
Origins of the Sabbath
Genesis 1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day (see also vs. 13, 19, 23).
Jesus rose from the dead on the First day of the Week, Sunday. The followers of Jesus in the Bible met with the risen Jesus on that same day, Sunday, two weeks in a row.
John 20:1 The first day of the week cometh Mary Magdalene early, when it was yet dark, unto the sepulchre, and seeth the stone taken away from the sepulchre.
John 20:19 Then the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled for fear of the Jews, came Jesus and stood in the midst, and saith unto them, Peace be unto you.
Luke 24:13-15 And, behold, two of them went that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was from Jerusalem about threescore furlongs. And they talked together of all these things which had happened. And it came to pass, that, while they communed together and reasoned, Jesus himself drew near, and went with them.
John 20:25-26 The other disciples therefore said unto him, We have seen the Lord. But he said unto them, Except I shall see in his hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and thrust my hand into his side, I will not believe. And after eight days again his disciples were within, and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, Peace be unto you.
Later Paul writes to the Christians and speaks of meeting together on the First day of the Week.
Acts 20:7 And upon the first day of the week, when the disciples came together to break bread, Paul preached unto them, ready to depart on the morrow; and continued his speech until midnight.
Notice, Paul met with them on the First Day of the week, but it was evening! This was Saturday night, which by the Jewish calendar was the first day of the week.
Christians have incorrectly tended to name Sunday as the Sabbath. It was and still is a Jewish name for Saturday, commencing at sunset on Friday to sunset Saturday.
Here is a verse giving instructions for the Christians to bring their offering to Church, and again we see they met on the first day of the week, Sunday.
1Corinthians 16:1-2 Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches of Galatia, even so do ye. Upon the first day of the week let every one of you lay by him in store, as God hath prospered him, that there be no gatherings when I come.
Christians celebrate the resurrection of Jesus, who came alive again, and rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion. That was Sunday, the first day of the week.
Please read these scriptures in your Bible, the earliest church fathers observed Sunday for worship. Sabbath only applies to Jews, and Paul teaches that if they become Christian believers, they can choose what day they want to observe. There are many who try to make those who are not Jews, keep the Jewish law. Neither Paul nor the Jerusalem Church ever legislated that Gentiles should keep the Sabbath.
Colossians 2:16 Let no man therefore judge you in meat, or in drink, or in respect of an holyday, or of the new moon, or of the Sabbath days:
© 2016 Jim Cole-Rous