There are people with different and strong opinions on this subject. I like to depend on the Bible for my answers. Here is what I find in the Bible.
The first people to tell the Church that Jesus was alive again from the dead, were women. Mary Magdalene was called by some early church writers 'an apostle to the apostles!'1
Matthew 5:1, 5-8 shows the women doing that.
Paul wrote Titus that Women should work with other women and live lives that are examples to all.
"They should encourage the younger women to be lovers of their husbands, lovers of their children, sensible, pure, managers of their households, and kind, and to submit themselves to their husbands, lest the word of God be discredited" Titus 2:4-5.
Paul writes commending Phebe in Romans 16:1 ". . . Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea".
The word 'servant' here in this verse is 'Deaconess' in the Greek. Deacons served in the Church, but did not rule, as Elders or Pastors.
Priscilla was the wife of Aquila, and she led in teaching Apollos the full gospel.
"And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue: whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly" Acts 18:26.
". . . and we entered into the house of Philip the evangelist, which was one of the seven; and abode with him. And the same man had four daughters, virgins, which did prophesy" Acts 21:9.
Here is one verse that many, opposed to women ministering, use out of context.
It is found in 1Corinthians 14:34-35 ". . . the women must keep silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak out, but must place themselves in submission, as the law also says. If they want to learn anything, they should ask their own husbands at home, for it is inappropriate for a woman to speak out in church."
This was a local situation in Corinth, a Greek city, where the women were sitting on one side of the Church, and the men on the other side. They were shouting out loud to their husbands to explain what the preacher was saying, interrupting the meeting. Not being part of the worship and ministry. Paul ends the chapter saying everything must be done in a proper and orderly way.
Women were active in ministry in the early churches.
However Paul taught that women should not rule over men. "Now I want you to realize that Christ is the head of every man, and man is the head of the woman, and God is the head of Christ" 1 Corinthians 11:3.
"Moreover, I do not allow a woman to teach or to have authority over a man. Instead, she is to be quiet. For Adam was formed first, then Eve. And it was not Adam who was deceived. It was the woman who was deceived and became a lawbreaker" 1 Timothy 2:12-14.
Finally the Bible teaches that Women can teach, prophesy, be deaconesses, train other women, but should not have the 'oversight' of a church where there are men, because women act primarily on intuition, while men act on reason and principles. So in a Biblical organization, a woman should not be the Pastor, in the sense of running the affairs of the Church.
I know of one lady who was married to a Pastor. He turned away from the Lord, and left her. She was asked by the Church to be the Pastor. She agreed to preach and minister, on condition that the Men ruled the church, and she would be in submission to them.
That worked well for that place and time, but in general terms the Pastor should be a man, and a godly one.
© 2014 Jim Cole-Rous
1. http://w2.vatican.va/content/john-paul-ii/en/apost_letters/1988/documents/hf_jp-ii_apl_19880815_mulieris-dignitatem.html. Sec.16.'First witnesses of the Resurrection'.Acessed 2015-03-24